Java is the most popular programming language used in the world. It is a programming language that has been tested, refined, extended, and proven by quite a lot of programmers. Java is a powerful object-oriented programming language suitable for writing anything. You can use it for a distributed application that runs on a corporate network or for a database-driven Web site to host your photo gallery.

Features of Java

The following features make Java an ideal technology for network computing:

  • Platform independent: An important feature of Java that makes it versatile is its ability to build platform-independent database applications. The programs written on one platform can run on any platform that supports Java, i.e. the platform must have the Java Virtual Machine (JVM).
  • Object oriented: Everything in Java program is an object and everything is developed out of a root object class. There are no stand alone methods, constants, and variables in Java. Everything in java is object even the primitive data types can also be converted into object by using the wrapper class.
  • Robust: Java is a robust programming language because it has an automatic memory management and garbage. It provides a strong checking mechanism, as compare to other programming languages, which checks for errors.
  • Portable: The feature of Java to be written once and run anywhere makes it a portable language.
  • Secure: Java does not allocate pointers to memory pointers directly. This prevents accidentally referencing memory that belongs to other programs. In addition, Java compiler catches more compile-time errors.
  • Multi-threaded: The fundamental concept of computer programming is to perform more than one task at a time, which is known as multi-threading within a program. Java is a multi-threaded programming language. In Java, a program with multiple threads execute independently at the same time without disturbing the execution of other threads.

Advantages of Java

Java has significant advantages as compared with other programming languages. Let us look at some important advantages of Java:

  • Java was designed to be easy to use, therefore, it is easy to write, compile, debug. In addition, it is easier to learn as compared with other programming languages.
  • Being object-oriented, programming in Java is centered around objects. This allows you to create modular programs and reusable codes. The platform independent feature of Java is a big advantage because it can move from one computer to another easily.
  • Java is a programming language that is extensively used in the Internet domain, especially on the server side of the Internet, because of its many features like platform independent and interpreted.
  • Java is a reliable programming language because it puts a lot of emphasis on early checking for possible errors. It is one of the first programming languages to consider security as part of its design.

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